Kolkata based physician Subhash Mukhopadhyay was the second doctor to perform a successful in-vitro fertilization in the world leading th the birth of Kanupriya Agarwal, alias Durga.
Calcutta Medical College is the oldest institution of European Medicine in Asia.
Calcutta was the capital of British India from 1772. It became the Royal capital of India on 1st November 1858. Calcutta then became the Imperial capital of India on 1st January 1877 and remained so till 1911 when the capital was moved to Delhi.
The first newspaper of India was published from Calcutta. “Bengal Gazette”, a weekly newspaper published by James Augustus Hickey in January 1780 was the first paper to go into print from our country.
Kolkata and Mumbai are the only two cities in India where the honorary designation of the Sheriff still exists.
On November 1830, the first ever horse driven bus plied on the heart of Calcutta. It would be 1922 till the first motor driven bus arrived in Calcutta. And the famous double decker buses started plying between Shyambazar and Kalighat from 1926.
Kolkata is the eighth largest city in the world by population of metropolitan area.
Established in 1879, Bethune College is the first women’s college in India. The College was established in order to provide opportunities of college education to Kadambini Bose - a pupil of Bethune School, who had successfully completed the entrance examination of Calcutta University in 1878. The first classes of Bethune College were held at the premises of Bethune School. Kadambini Bose and Chandramukhi Bose are the first women graduates of India and they graduated from Bethune College in 1883. Chandramukhi Bose also became the Principal of Bethune College.
The Calcutta Rajdhani Express was introduced in 1969 with a maximum allowed speed of 120km/h, which was then the new speed limit for trains in India.
In 1870, Wilhelm Siemens successfully demonstrated the exchange of telegrams from London to Calcutta that took only an hour.