Asia’s first modern University in Serampore (a Danish settlement) was built in 1827.
In 1795, two mahogany saplings were brought from West Indies and planted at Shibpur Botanical Gardens. They were the first mahogany trees grown in Indian soil.
Established in 1879, Bethune College is the first women’s college in India. The College was established in order to provide opportunities of college education to Kadambini Bose - a pupil of Bethune School, who had successfully completed the entrance examination of Calcutta University in 1878. The first classes of Bethune College were held at the premises of Bethune School. Kadambini Bose and Chandramukhi Bose are the first women graduates of India and they graduated from Bethune College in 1883. Chandramukhi Bose also became the Principal of Bethune College.
In 1870, Wilhelm Siemens successfully demonstrated the exchange of telegrams from London to Calcutta that took only an hour.
The University of Calcutta, India’s second oldest modern university was established in 1857.
Ronald Ross discovered the virus while working in Presidency General Hospital on 20th August,1897. For this remarkable achievement, he was awarded the Nobel prize in 1902.
The Indian Botanical Gardens at Shibpur, near the Bengal Engineering College, is home of the largest banyan tree in the world (the banyan tree with the biggest girth), according to the Guinness Book of Records.
Born into brothels, a documentary about the children of prostitutes in Sonagachi (Kolkata's red light district) won the Oscar award for the best documentary feature in 2005.
Kolkata is the largest metropolis of India by area.
National Library is the largest library in India.