India has 7 Nobel Prize winners, either by birth or citizenship, to date and 4 of them are directly connected to Kolkata.
India’s first cellular telephone service was started in Kolkata in July 31, 1995.
The first newspaper of India was published from Calcutta. “Bengal Gazette”, a weekly newspaper published by James Augustus Hickey in January 1780 was the first paper to go into print from our country.
Kolkata is sister city to Long Beach, California.
The Calcutta Mounted Police was born in 1912. They were virtually the body-guards of the Viceroy and the Governor. In later years, the 'Mounted Police' became indispensable for combating sudden violent scarmishes and reinstating peace and order in the anarchy-prone areas. At the inception horses for the 'Mounted Police' were brought from Australia. These horses were cared and looked after meticulously but of when they grew old, they were shot dead mercilessly. Then, they were sent to the zoo for being fed by the carnivores.
The British built the first theatre hall in 1745 and called it the “Play House”. But it was the Russian theatre lover Horasim Lebedev who floated the first Bangla theatre production in 1795 based on an adaptation of “The Disguise”. Lebedev is also credited with building the first auditorium for Bangla play, the “Bengalee Theatre”.
The first motor rally in Calcutta was held on 29th August,1904.
South Point High School, Kolkata entered the Guinness Book of Records (from 1984 to 1992) as the school with maximum student enrollment.
Kolkata is the largest metropolis of India by area.
The world’s second oldest Geological Survey came into existence in Calcutta in the year 1851.